Ongoing stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and it is showing great promise.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project which is showing fantastic promise. The University of Pennsylvania is currently performing clinical studies for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure entails transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and so no insulin is produced. These patients need to be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Since the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body after the first transplant can provide warning signs once the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics have no warning and frequently just black out that may be hazardous when driving or performing other essential tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can not treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a probable cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there aren’t adequate donors to go around with only around 3,500 donor organs available last year. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get absolutely off insulin therapy.

The answer to this issue is to make islets inside the lab using stems cells. There is currently research happening using debatable embryonic stem cells together with stem cells extracted from adults. But due to the ethical and political debate with regards to stem cells this pathway into a cure is moving gradually. People who think that life starts at conception highly battle embryonic stem cell research as the cells are derived from human embryos which are destroyed in the process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and also have the greatest potential to turn into any type of cells inside the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so on.

Opponents to this research feel that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the solution to this challenge. But you will find studies which raise questions regarding the capability of these cells as therapies.

A current published study reported that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells taken from a pancreas to be islet cells that secrete insulin – these are typically called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not had the capacity to be reproduced.

Even though research using stem cells is in its infant stages a lot of scientists feel that this research supports the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics as a way to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start creating the hormone normally.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the fight to look for a cure for this long-term disease.