Recent stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is surely an ongoing project and it is displaying great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an on-going project which is exhibiting me diabetes help excellent promise. The University of Pennsylvania is currently performing clinical trials for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure entails transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and thus no insulin is produced. These patients have to be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body after the first transplant can give warning signs if the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and quite often just black out which can be dangerous when driving or performing other crucial tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can not treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a probable remedy for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, currently there are not enough donors to go around with simply about 3,500 donor organs available during the past year. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.

The solution to this issue would be to make islets within the lab making use of stems cells. There is certainly research happening using debatable embryonic stem cells and also stem cells obtained from adults. But due to the ethical and political debate regarding stem cells this pathway into a cure is moving gradually. People who feel that life starts at conception highly battle embryonic stem cell research because the cells originate from human embryos which are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells haven’t become full grown into human cells and have the greatest potential to become any type of cells in the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so forth.

Opponents for this research think that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the answer to this problem. But there are studies which raise questions about the potential of these cells as therapies.A current published study reported that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells taken from a pancreas to become islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, but there’s debate over this research and it has not had the capacity to be reproduced.

Even though research using stem cells is in its infant stages a lot of scientists believe that this research supports the most promise for achievement for diabetics to be able to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start creating the hormone normally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and is exhibiting great promise in the battle to discover a remedy for this serious disease.