How stem cells treat diabetes is surely an ever continuing subject for medical research and shows great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever ongoing topic for medical research and reveals great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently doing clinical studies for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The new method requires transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that exude insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics in whose Beta islet cells are actually destroyed therefore no insulin is manufactured. These patients must be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Since the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body right after the first transplant will give signs once the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and quite often just blackout which is often dangerous when traveling or carrying out other significant tasks diabetic.
Islet cell transplantation can not treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there aren’t enough donors to go around with only around 3,500 donor organs available this past year. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get entirely off insulin therapy.
The answer to this challenge is to make islets in the lab using stems cells. There is currently research going on using controversial embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But due to the ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway to a cure is going slowly. People who believe that life starts at conception highly oppose embryonic stem cell research as the cells come from human embryos that happen to be destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t grown up into human cells and also have the greatest possibility to become any kind of cells in the human body, which includes hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Opponents to this research think that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the answer to this problem. But there are studies which raise questions regarding the ability of these cells as remedies.
A recent published study reported that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells obtained from a pancreas to become islet cells that produce insulin – they’re called beta cells, but there’s debate over these studies and it has not been able to be duplicated.
Although the research using stem cells is in its baby stages many scientists think that this research holds the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics as a way to quit taking insulin injection immediately after their bodies begin producing the hormone the natural way diabetes advice.
How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever on-going topic for medical research and displays great promise in the struggle to look for a cure for this chronic disease.